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:: Volume 8, Issue 2 (winter 2021) ::
JPEN 2021, 8(2): 23-31 Back to browse issues page
The effect of music-therapy based on rhythmic activities on visual motor perception of children with autism spectrum disorder
Ali Akbar Arjmandnia , Fereshte Abbasi , Elnaz Dadvar , Fatemeh Jaafari , Shahram Soleymani
Associate Professor, Department of Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran , Arjomandnia@ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (859 Views)
Introduction: Among the problems of children with autism spectrum disorder is the presence of abnormalities in sensory processing and perceptual movement disorders that can cause many behavioral problems in this group of children. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of music-based therapy on rhythmic activity on visual visual perception of children with autism spectrum disorder.
 
Method: The present quasi-experimental research design was pre-test-post-test with control group. The statistical population of the study included all children with autism who were referred to childcare centers for autism in Tehran in 1398-1397, of which 30 boys aged 12-6 years with autism were referred to the Autism Second Center In April, Tehran was selected by targeted sampling method and divided into two groups of 15 people (experiments and controls). The experimental group was trained using a rhythmic activity-based music therapy program during 15 sessions of 45 minutes and 3 days a week, and the research data were collected using the Frostig visual perception test and by descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential ( Multivariate covariance analysis) was analyzed using SPSS.V.22 software.
Results: The results of data analysis showed that music-therapy based on rhythmic activities significantly increased and scores of eye motor coordination subscale (F = 07.07, P = 0.001), shape and background (F = 14.921). P = 0.001, shape stability (P = 0.828, P = 0.001), position in space (P = 4442, P = 0.001) as well as spatial relationships (F = 7.685). P = 0.001 The variables of motor visual perception of children with autism were tested in the control group compared to the control group.
Conclusion: Rhythmic activities with music as one of the active and available methods have positive and effective effects on the motor visual perception skills of children with autism and this program can be used to improve the motor visual perception skills of this group of children Showed.
Keywords: music therapy, rhythmic activities, visual visual perception, child, autism
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2020/05/21 | Accepted: 2020/06/14 | Published: 2021/12/31
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Arjmandnia A A, Abbasi F, Dadvar E, jaafari F, soleymani S. The effect of music-therapy based on rhythmic activities on visual motor perception of children with autism spectrum disorder. JPEN. 2021; 8 (2) :23-31
URL: http://jpen.ir/article-1-524-en.html


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Volume 8, Issue 2 (winter 2021) Back to browse issues page
نشریه پرستاری کودکان و نوزادان Journal of Pediatric Nursing
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