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:: Volume 5, Issue 3 (spring 2019) ::
JPEN 2019, 5(3): 59-67 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Child Centered Play Therapy Based on Nature on Attention and Aggression of Children with Asperger Disorder (a single case study)
Samimeh Ahmadi Bouzendan, Anahita Khodabakhshi-koolaee , Mohammad Reza Falsafinejad
Assistant professor of counseling, Department of Psychology and Education, Faculty of Humanities, Khatam University , Tehran, Iran , a.khodabakhshid@khatam.ac.ir
Abstract:   (389 Views)
Introduction: Asperger disorder is one of the Autism spectrum disorder. This disorder have higher prevalence in boys than grails. Low attention and high aggression are current psychological symptoms of this disorder. The aim of this research is to investigate The Effect of Child Centered Play Therapy Based on Nature on Attention and Aggression of Children with Asperger Disorder.
Method:  The study was a single-subject of AB experimental designs. The statically population of the study was all 7-8 year old children with Asperger ‎disorder in Karaj city by 2017. The participants were referring to the School of autism of the Noor, ‎and 3 children were chosen for experimental study and 1 child for control (totally were 4 child). In this study, targeting sampling ‎method was used. ‎ Interventions performed for 10 treatment sessions (120 minutes, one session per week) ‎for three month, with a follow-up period of one month subsequent to treatment ‎termination‎. The research instrument was Rutter Behavior Scale parent version. ‎chart analysis was used for data analysis of this study and also the effectiveness of ‎therapy was assessed by recovery percent formula and‎ Reliable change index‏.‏
Results: The results indicated that children with Asperger disorder showed improvement in ‎comparison with baseline. The overall improvement in their attention variable was 52/0%, ‎and the RCI was higher than 1.96 for all three children. Therefore, Child Centered Play Therapy Based on Nature has a clinically and statistically significant effect on the increased of attention in ‎children with Asperger's disorder. The results of the follow-up test showed that the effects of the intervention were still ‎ongoing after one month after the last session of the interventions‎. Also, the results of the percentage of recovery (53/6%) indicated a decrease in aggression, ‎and the RCI was higher than 1.96 for all three children.
Conclusions: It seems that Child Centered Play Therapy Based on Nature has been effective in reducing the aggression and increasing attention ‎of ‎children with Asperger disorder. Therefore, it is recommended that the ‎treatment ‎of Child Centered Play Therapy Based on Nature as one of the treatment interventions for psychologist and counselors who working and researching in these children.
Keywords: Child Centered, Nature, Asperger, Attention, ‌Aggression
Full-Text [PDF 811 kb]   (117 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/04/3 | Accepted: 2018/06/17 | Published: 2019/03/11
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Ahmadi Bouzendan S, khodabakhshi-koolaee A, falsafinejad M R. The Effect of Child Centered Play Therapy Based on Nature on Attention and Aggression of Children with Asperger Disorder (a single case study). JPEN. 2019; 5 (3) :59-67
URL: http://jpen.ir/article-1-353-en.html


Volume 5, Issue 3 (spring 2019) Back to browse issues page
نشریه پرستاری کودکان و نوزادان Journal of Pediatric Nursing
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