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:: Volume 6, Issue 4 (summer 2020) ::
JPEN 2020, 6(4): 30-39 Back to browse issues page
The effect of autonomy factors, focus attention and the combination of these factors on the implementation of hands-on skills in children with attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder
Sajede Farhangnia , Ramazan Hasanzade , Saeid Ghorbani
Professor of Department of Psychology, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran , hasanzadeh.r@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2782 Views)
Introduction:Based on the theory of optimal motor learning, autonomic factors and the focus of external attention facilitate the performance and learning of motor skills. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of autonomy factors, focus attention and the combination of these factors on the implementation of hands-on skills in children with attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder.
Methods: The present study was a quasi-experimental, pre-test, post-test, and control group. The statistical population of the study consisted of all 2nd and 3rd grade elementary school children in Babol province in the academic year 2018. For the screening of children with ADHD, teachers 'and parents' ratios of Conners were used. A sample sampling method was used to select the sample. The sample consisted of 24 children, in the experimental group 12 were children and in control group 12 children. Then, the Farsi Handwriting Assessment Tool was used to measure children's handwriting as a pre-test for both groups. The children of the experimental group were placed in the autonomy and focus areas of external attention, and the control group did not receive any interventions. At the end of this period, children's handwriting tools were administered as a post-test for both groups. Data were analyzed using variance analysis at P <0.001 level.
Results: The results of the study showed that both children with attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder had better performance in control / self-control position than other situations (P <0.001). There was no significant difference between the other situations.
conclusion:Based on the results of this study, improving handwriting skills, autonomy is more effective than the focus of external attention, and the feature of the automatic implementation of handwriting skills in children as well as the importance of autonomy for improving handwriting skills was shown.
Keywords: Handwriting, Autonomy, Attention Focus, Attention Deficit / Disordered.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/05/21 | Accepted: 2019/07/24 | Published: 2020/04/29
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farhangnia S, hasanzade R, ghorbani S. The effect of autonomy factors, focus attention and the combination of these factors on the implementation of hands-on skills in children with attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder. JPEN 2020; 6 (4) :30-39
URL: http://jpen.ir/article-1-436-en.html


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Volume 6, Issue 4 (summer 2020) Back to browse issues page
نشریه پرستاری کودکان و نوزادان Journal of Pediatric Nursing
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