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:: Volume 10, Issue 1 (autumn 2023) ::
JPEN 2023, 10(1): 22-31 Back to browse issues page
Epidemiological, Clinical, and Para-clinical Characteristics of 1-6 years Old Children with COVID-19 (Kermanshah, 2020)
Hossein Hatami , Mansour Rezaei , Katayoon Jalili
School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , katijalili2@gmail.com
Abstract:   (439 Views)
Introduction: The present study was conducted with the aim of investigating the epidemiological, clinical,and Para-clinical characteristics of 1-6 years old children with
Method: The present observational study is a cross-sectional correlational work. The participants in this study were 288 children with a definitive diagnosis of COVID-19 admitted to Dr. Mohammad Kermanshahi Referral Hospital. Sampling was done in a non-random way available and clinical and demographic information was collected by examining their clinical files, taking into account the entry criteria (1-6-year-old children with suspected coronavirus hospitalized with a positive RT-PCR test). It was analyzed using SPSS statistical software version 25 and chi-square and Fisher statistical tests.
Result: In total, 63% of the cases were male and 37% were female; 23.8% were in the ICU and 7.5% were connected to a ventilator. In addition, 21.7% had an underlying disease. The mortality rate was 5.3%. The highest clinical demonstrations were fever (74.4%), coughing (33.8%), and diarrhea (21.4%). The laboratory results showed abnormal leukopenia (42.3%), CRP (29.5%), LFT (22.1%), DDIMR (11%), ferritin (10.3%), and ESR (40.6%). In addition, 5.4% of them died so the recovery rate was 94.6%. There was no significant relationship between drug sensitivity and antiviral drug use and mortality due to COVID-19 in children (P >0.05). There was no significant relationship between using antibiotics, ceftriaxone, and azithromycin and mortality due to COVID-19 in children (P >0.05).
Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, a high proportion of children were associated with fever and respiratory symptoms and abnormal para-clinical CT, WBC, and ESR findings. The highest percentage of illness and death due to complications of corona was in the age group of 1-3 years old boys. It seems to reduce their mortality it’s essential to equip and strengthen children's special care departments in the hospital, as well as continuous care and follow-up after discharge and treatment for all sick children with covid-19 in the health department until full recovery is recommended.
Keywords: Children, Respiratory Infection, Epidemic, COVID-19, PCR.
Full-Text [PDF 282 kb]   (116 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2022/03/9 | Accepted: 2023/08/9 | Published: 2023/10/2
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Hatami H, Rezaei M, Jalili K. Epidemiological, Clinical, and Para-clinical Characteristics of 1-6 years Old Children with COVID-19 (Kermanshah, 2020). JPEN 2023; 10 (1) :22-31
URL: http://jpen.ir/article-1-666-en.html

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Volume 10, Issue 1 (autumn 2023) Back to browse issues page
نشریه پرستاری کودکان و نوزادان Journal of Pediatric Nursing
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